an open-source digital signal processing and sound synthesis language
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MPLACE -- stationary source room-simulation
in RTcmix/insts/std/MMOVE

quick syntax:
MPLACE(outskip, inskip, dur, AMP, dist-xpos, angle-ypos, (-)dist_mikes[, input_channel])

RVB(outskip, inskip, dur, AMP)

space(front, right, -back, -left, ceiling, absorb, rvbtime)

mikes(mike_angle, pattern)


set_attenuation_params(min_dist, max_dist, dist_exponent)

matrix(amp, matrixval1, matrixval2, ... matrixval144)

CAPITALIZED parameters are pfield-enabled for table or dynamic control (see the maketable or makeconnection scorefile commands). Parameters after the [bracket] are optional and default to 0 unless otherwise noted.

MPLACE employs several subcommands to set the room-simulation characteristics and one sub-instrument (RVB) to operate.

   p0 = output start time (seconds)
   p1 = input start time (seconds)
   p2 = duration (or endtime if negative) (seconds)
   p3 = amplitude multiplier (relative multiplier of input signal)
   p4 = distance (feet) to sound source, or x-coordinate (feet) of sound source
   p5 = angle to sound source (degrees; 0 degrees is straight in front),
      or y-coordinate (feet) of sound source
   p6 = distance between 'mics' (stereo receivers) in the room (feet)
      NOTE: if p6 is negative, p4/p5 will be interpreted as x- and y- coordinates,
      otherwise p4/p5 will set polar coordinates for the sound source location
   p7 = input channel [optional, default is 0]

   p3 (amplitude) can receive dynamic updates from a table or real-time control source.

   p0 = output start time (seconds)
   p1 = input start time (seconds)
   p2 = duration (or endtime if negative) (seconds) 
   p3 = amplitude multiplier (relative multiplier of input signal)

   p3 (amplitude) can receive dynamic updates from a table or real-time control source.

   NOTE: this associated instrument is required for MPLACE to function

   p0 = distance to front wall of room (feet)
   p1 = distance to right-hand wall of room (feet)
   p2 = distance to back wall of room (feet) [< 0.0]
   p3 = distance to left-hand wall of room (feet) [< 0.0]
   p4 = distance to ceiling of room (feet)
   p5 = wall absorption factor (0-10; 0 == more 'dead', 10 == more 'live')
   p6 = reverberation time (seconds)

   NOTE: this subcommand is required for MPLACE to function

   p0 = microphone angle (degrees, 0 degrees is straight in front)
   p1 = microphone pattern (0-1; 0 == omnidirectional, 1 == highly directional)

   NOTE: this subcommand is optional for MPLACE to function (the default is "mikes_off")

   no pfields, this defeats the microphone angle and pattern settings for binaural simulation

   NOTE: this subcommand is optional for MPLACE to function

   p0 = minimum distance (feet)
   p1 = maximum distance (feet)
   p2 = distance attentuation exponent

   NOTE: this subcommand is optional for MPLACE to function

   p0 = total matrix gain (relative multiplier of input signal)
   p1-p145 = 12 x 12 matrix amp/feedback coefficients [optional; defaults to internal matrix]

   NOTE: this subcommand is optional for MPLACE to function

MPLACE is an updated version of PLACE, Doug Scott's room simulation RTcmix instrument. It places a sound in a room of your design and simulates the acoustic resonances of the room. Early reflections are computed using a ray-tracing approach based in the distances between the source, the listening 'microphones' and the walls. The generalized room reverberation is simulated using a 12 x 12 matrix of delay elements with feedback and filtering designed to imitate the global reverberation response of the specified room. This is done using the associated RVB instrument. Localization of the source sound is very good using MPLACE.

Usage Notes

The room design for MPLACE depends on parameters specified in the setup subcommand. The parameters work by assuming that the listener (YOU) is placed at point [0,0] in a coordinate space. The locations of the four walls are specified in this x,y coordinate system ("front", "right", "-back", "-left"):
Therefore the distance to the back and left walls must be specified as negative. All, including height, are in feet. "absorb" is a number between 0 (minimum) and 10 (maximum) that determines how reflective the walls are. "rvbtime" is the approximate length of reverb in seconds (the actual length depends on the size of the room).

MPLACE sets the location of the source sound by specifying the distance to the sound ("dist-xpos") and the angle ("angle_ypos") of the sound:

                                  0.0    source
                                   |    /
                                   |   /
                                   |  /
                                   | /
using feet and degrees, respectively (see below for an alternative method of specifying the source location). Be sure to stay inside bounds of the room (it may take a bit of trigonometry [or guessing] to do that) The "AMP" pfield is a multipler of the input audio prior to any processing by MPLACE. The "dist_mikes" parameter sets how far apart the two 'listening' points are from the [0,0] center of the coordinate room (you can choose to think of this is how big the listener's head is...).

A call to MPLACE should be followed by a call to RVB to create the diffuse room reverberation. RVB should be configured using the bus_config aux bus system to received the audio output from MPLACE.

When specifying the parameters for MPLACE, be aware that the interpretation of the p4 and p5 pfields ("dist-xpos", "angle-ypos") depends on whether or not p6 ("dist_mikes") is positive or negative. The distance to the mikes (p6) will be interpreted as a positive number in any case, but if it is entered as negative it will cause p4 and p5 to be interpreted as cartesian coordinates on a coordinate plane where the center of the listener is located at [0, 0]. The default interpretation is to use polar coordinates for the sound source information (distance to sound, angle to sound).

The optional subcommands that may be used to set the parameters for MPLACE include mikes and mikes_off. mikes is a setup call for times when you wish to simulate microphone recording (most of the time, actually). The arguments are "mike_angle", which is the angle each microphone makes with a line drawn between them (i.e., 45 puts them at a 90 degree angle FROM EACH OTHER). "pattern" is a value between 0 and one; 0 produces an omnidirectional mike, 1 produces a hypercardioid pattern, 0.5 produces the familiar cardioid pattern. The default pattern will be omnidirectional.

mikes_off is used following a previous call to mikes in order to cancel mike mode in the event that you wish to use binaural mode, or default to omnidirectional.

set_attenuation_params can set certain values that may be important during processing. p0 sets a minimum distance for a sound in feet. If the sound approaches the mike or ear closer than this, its volume will not increase beyond the maximum level (unity gain). Default is 0.0.

p1 sets the maximum distance for a sound in feet. If the sound exceeds this distance, its volume is not attenuated beyond the level associated with the maximum distance. Default is infinite.

The attentation factor (p2) determines the amount sound will decay over the distance traveled. Sounds will attenuate according to the formula:

   a = 1.0 / ((d/mindistance) ** (factor))
where d is the distance to the sound, and factor is the attenuation factor (2.0 is the default value). NOTE: In the current version, ALL sound path gains are affected by these values, including all first- and second-generation reflections! Modifying these values will therefore produce significant and interesting changes in the reverb as well as the gain of the sounds.

matrix is used to replace the default set of amplitude/feedback coefficients for the RVB matrix -- all 144 of them. This is tricky to use.

Note that multiple MPLACE notes can feed into a single RVB instrument for more efficient processing.

MPLACE/RVB requires stereo output.

Sample Scores

basic use:

   bus_config("MPLACE", "in 0", "aux 0-1 out")
   bus_config("RVB", "aux 0-1 in", "out 0-1")

   mikes(45, 0.5)
   dist_front = 100
   dist_right = 130
   dist_rear = -145
   dist_left = -178
   height = 100
   rvbtime = 3
   abs_fac = 8
   space(dist_front, dist_right, dist_rear, dist_left, height, abs_fac, rvbtime)
   insk = 0
   outsk = 0
   dur = DUR(0)
   pre_amp = 120
   dist2sound = 60
   angle_sound = 90
   dist_mikes = 5
   //dist_mikes = 0.67	/* binaural */
   inchan = 0
   MPLACE(outsk, insk, dur, pre_amp, dist2sound, angle_sound+180, dist_mikes, inchan)
   MPLACE(outsk+(256/44100), insk, dur, pre_amp, dist2sound, angle_sound, dist_mikes, inchan)
   MPLACE(outsk+0.5, insk, dur, pre_amp,dist2sound*1.3, angle_sound+270, dist_mikes, inchan)
   RVB(0, 0, dur+rvbtime+0.5, 1)

See Also